What is Crossfit? The CrossFit program has three different standards to assess and define fitness. The first standard is proficiency in all ten of the recognized physical skills. These skills are: cardiovascular/respiratory endurance, stamina, strength, flexibility, power, coordination, agility, balance, and accuracy. These physical skills can be broken down into two separate categories, training and practice. CrossFit founder Greg Glassman was quoted in one of his articles as saying “Importantly, improvements in endurance, stamina, strength, and flexibility come about through training (Glassman, What is Crossfit?).
Training refers to activity that improves performance through a measurable organic change in the body. By contrast improvements in coordination, agility, balance, and accuracy come about through practice. Practice refers to activity that improves performance through changes in the nervous system. Power and speed are adaptations of both training and practice” (Glassman, What is CrossFit?). In CrossFit, as in life, you are only as strong as your weakest skill. In a work environment, the group is only as strong as the weakest link. By improving in these two categories, a person is able to improve upon the main ten areas of fitness listed above. Continue reading to help answer your “What is Crossfit” question.
What is Crossfit? Second Standard of Fitness
CrossFit’s second standard of fitness is its ability to train the individual to be prepared for the unknown. The popular metaphor that is used most frequently to describe randomness of the CrossFit program is imagining a giant hopper filled with different exercises with different sets and number of repetitions written on them. A random group of these exercises, repetitions, and sets is chosen by a trainer and then people compete in these exercises. This leads to the ability of a person to improve in various areas of fitness by training with randomly selected exercises. This is exactly what was done for the first CrossFit Games, an annual CrossFit competition held in Southern California every summer since 2007.
High Intensity workouts are a growing trend in the fitness community. These workouts entail short bursts of very high energy exertion followed by short low-intensity stages and then the cycle repeats itself. High Intensity Impact Training is a combination of different types of exercises to give a well-rounded workout. On one day, exercises can involve weightlifting, sprinting, gymnastics, and kettle bell training, and then plyometrics, rowing, and medicine ball training the next. The creators of HIIT have determined that in order for someone to be fit, healthy and in shape they must have a balance of all physical skills. Just some of the skills that are honed in on during HIIT, as in CrossFit, are balance, agility, coordination, speed, accuracy, power, stamina, strength, endurance and flexibility. (Glassman, What is CrossFit?)
What is Crossfit? Understanding the Program
Whether someone is an Olympic athlete, triathlete or just a person looking to get into shape, this style of working out can fit anyones lifestyle. The more you put into HIIT, the more you get out of it. The way the program is designed allows each individual to push themselves to their own limit. That can be accomplished in two ways: completing the workout as fast as possible or increasing the weight of the equipment being used. The Workout of the Day, or Crossfit WOD, is designed to provide a challenge to those who have an advanced level of fitness. There are also ways for beginners and individuals who cannot complete the workout as prescribed to scale the exercises. Weight can be decreased, and easier movements can be substituted in for more difficult exercises. This gives people a way to start the workouts, without being overwhelmed. Hopefully this answers your “What is Crossfit” question. Go to our HIIT training section to learn more about high intensity interval training.